Anti vax, anti climate change, anti mask, anti environmentalism. They are theories that exist in opposition to the official narrative.
At its heart it’s tribal. It’s the intellectual justification for an emotion.
It’s anger from groups towards elites who ‘look down’ on them.
These theories let these people, who usually have less education or lower socioeconomic standing think they ‘know the truth’ and that the elites are the stupid ones.
It’s made that much worse by overreach, hypocrisy, incompetence, and corruption on the part of the elites as well as pure fake news, character assassination, and editorial bias from conservative media.
The only way out is to address the root of the problem. To treat these groups with respect. Unfortunately after Trump and Covid, it’s going to be difficult.